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各個時期主導雕塑的價值思想
各個時期主導雕塑的價值思想
雕塑是反映人們的社會思想的產物,不同時期,不同地域的雕塑都表達著、其自身的各種情感價值,安徽雕塑向你介紹下古代各個時期雕塑的不同價
雕塑是反映人們的社會思想的產物,不同時期,不同地域的雕塑都表達著、其自身的各種情感價值,安徽雕塑向你介紹下古代各個時期雕塑的不同價值取向。
    為美化城市或用于紀念意義而雕刻塑造、具有一定寓意、象征或象形的觀賞物和紀念物。雕塑是造型藝術的一種。又稱雕刻,是雕、刻、塑三種創制方法的總稱。指用各種可塑材料(如石膏、樹脂、粘土等)或可雕、可刻的硬質材料(如木材、石頭、金屬、玉塊、瑪瑙、鋁、玻璃鋼、砂巖、銅等),創造出具有一定空間的可視、可觸的藝術形象,借以反映社會生活、表達藝術家的審美感受、審美情感、審美理想的藝術。雕、刻通過減少可雕性物質材料,塑則通過堆增可塑物質性材料來達到藝術創造的目的。
  古代雕塑藝術
  西方古代時期的雕塑在很長的一段時間里主要是為圖騰、魔法和宗教服務。
  在美洲,墨西哥的普勃洛州的特華坎河谷是偉大的中美洲文化的誕生地。而后在墨西哥灣地區出現了當時***先進的古典前期文化,即奧爾麥克文化。
  它被喻為墨西哥文明的前身。公元前300年左右瑪雅文化開始出現并發展,它繼承了中美洲文化傳統,發展了大型雕塑,如神廟等。14世紀上半葉,墨西哥土著阿茲臺克人統治了墨西哥河谷,建立了君主專制王國,形成了阿茲臺克文化。16世紀時,西班牙人征服了阿茲臺克王朝,接著向南方掠奪并統治了印加文化的發源地——秘魯。在非洲文化中,雕塑是***重要的美術形式之一。黑非洲的浮雕和圓雕大都是木制的,但也有石材、金屬和陶瓷。它大致分為兩類:一類是民間美術,為宗教、魔法服務,也有表現自身生活的作品;另一類是為統治階級服務的宮廷美術。這兩類雕塑都內容豐富、形式多樣,富有裝飾性,富有表現力,視覺沖擊力強。至今黑非洲雕塑仍具有獨特魅力。古埃及文化是非洲文化長河中一顆燦爛的星星。古埃及雕刻是雕塑與建筑完美結合的藝術典范,具有歷史性紀念碑似的宏偉、博大和非常高的藝術成就。如某些浮雕為了保持建筑的平面性,壓縮體積與繪畫形式中的線的組合,達到了一種新奇的藝術效果。
 

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